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Secondary performance tables, ready reckoners and guidance on accountability measures

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16 to 18 accountability headline measures

The DfE has published the revised performance data along with information for schools on the measures in the 2018 to 2019 performance tables. Guidance has also been published on progress scores for 16-18, which outlines how progress 'bandings' are calculated, and what the progress scores show. There is further information about 16 to 18 progress score bandings in the school and college performance tables.

Alongside the performance data, the department has updated the ready reckoners and transition matrices for KS5. Further details and links can be found at the bottom of the page

The technical guide explains how the headline measures are calculated. Guidance for previous years is available on the UK Government Archive.

Guidance has also been published on progress scores for 16-18, which outlines how progress 'bandings' are calculated, and what the progress scores show. There is further information about 16 to 18 progress score bandings in the school and college performance tables.

Key stage 4 performance, 2019 (provisional)

The Department for Education (DfE) has published provisional statistics on the achievements of young people at the end of key stage 4 in England, in the 2018 to 2019 academic year. These statistics outline:

Headline measures for state-funded, independent and all schools

  • Ebacc (English Baccalaureate) entry rate;
  • Ebacc average points scores;
  • English and maths attainment at grade 5 or above;
  • average Attainment 8 score per pupil;
  • distribution of adjusted Progress 8 scores;
  • KS4 performance by gender, school type and local authority.

Key findings

Compared with 2018 provisional data, for state-funded schools:

  • Ebacc entry rate has increased by 1.6 percentage points to 40%, the highest entry rate since the introduction of the Ebacc measure in 2010.
  • The percentage of pupils at the end of key stage 4 who achieved grade 5 or above in English and mathematics was unchanged.
  • Average Attainment 8 score per pupil was broadly stable.
  • The Ebacc average point score remained stable.

About the data

  • This report compares provisional results for 2019 to provisional results from 2018, to take into account the normal change in results between provisional and revised data.
  • There is usually a slight increase in the key national statistics due to accepted amendment requests made by schools.
  • Provisional school level data is published in the performance tables.
  • Characteristics breakdowns are not included in this release, but will be published in the revised release in January 2020.

Access the provisional statistics here.

Secondary school performance tables in England (2018)

The Department for Education (DfE) has published the achievements of pupils at key stage four (KS4) and how they compare with other schools in their local authority area and in England. The secondary school performance tables show:

  • Attainment results for pupils at the end of key stage four
  • The progress made by pupils between the end of primary school to the end of secondary school
  • Data on the performance of disadvantaged pupils
  • Differences in the performance of:
    • pupils who had low attainment at the end of primary school
    • pupils who had high attainment at the end of primary school
    • pupils who were at the expected level at the end of primary school. 

There is also data about school:

  • income and expenditure
  • workforce
  • pupil characteristics
  • pupil absence
  • Ofsted inspections. 

The DfE will publish updated figures, accounting for amendments made after November 2018, in April 2019.

View the performance tables online here

Information on secondary accountability measures (including Progress 8 and Attainment 8)

Information and guidance have been made available on secondary accountability measures. The guidance on this page explains how secondary accountability measures have been calculated in 2017. It also gives more information about recently announced reforms that will apply to accountability measures in 2018 and 2019, and a short video explaining Progress 8 is available. The documents available on this page include:

Discounting and early entry guidance

The DfE has published guidance on approved key stage 4 qualifications, discount codes and point scores for reporting in the 2014 to 2021 school and college performance tables.

The DfE uses discount codes to group qualifications with similar content together in the school performance tables. This is so that schools are not credited twice for 2 similar qualifications.

Point score values are given to all qualifications in the school performance tables so that it's possible to compare qualifications of a different level, size and grading system. Excel spreadsheets containing further information on performance points and discount codes are available here.

Further guidance about calculating performance points is available online here.

Ready reckoners and transition matrices


The DfE has published key stage 4 pupil and school ready reckoners on provisional 2019 data. As in 2018, adjusting of extremely negative scores has been built into the provisional Progress 8 pupil ready reckoner, whereby extreme negative progress scores are replaced with a minimum score that has been set for the relevant prior attainment group. While pupils still receive a large negative score, adjusting scores in this way helps to limit the impact of extremely negative individual scores on a school's overall score. 

A provisional Ebacc pupil ready reckoner is also available, which allows the user to calculate a value-added score for an individual pupil for Ebacc science, humanities and language subject areas.

Provisional transition matrices have also been published for KS4 on provisional 2019 data. In addition to the usual breakdowns for gender and disadvantage, the KS4 TMs have also been produced with breakdowns for special educational needs (SEN) and English as an additional language (EAL). 

These products allow users to select pupil number and percentage data by subject and KS4 attainment category for different KS2 attainment groups using built in drop down menus. 


The DfE has published a ready reckoner to calculate level three value-added scores and transition matrices of level three results by key stage four prior attainment.

Level three value-added is a progress measure for school sixth forms and colleges that is used in the 16 to 18 performance tables. You can also read the 16 to 18 accountability technical guide to learn more about the level three value-added measure.

If you have any queries or feedback regarding the ready reckoner or the level three value-added measure, you can contact the 16-18 performance tables team at 

Last updated 29 January 2020